Monday, 30 July 2012

Duloxetine (Cymbalta) for Fibromyalgia

Summary: Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition which is characterized by muscular pain and stiffness. Read on to learn more about Fibromyalgia and find out how Duloxetine can help.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by extensive pain, stiffness, tenderness of the soft tissues, fatigue, and disturbed sleep. The pain mainly occurs in the hands, shoulders, pelvic girdle, neck and back. In contrast to arthritis, fibromyalgia does not involve pain or swelling in the joints. Instead, pain is felt in the soft tissues around the joints.

Fibromyalgia Causes:

There are no concrete causes that have been identified. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia is the malfunctioning of the central processing system involving impairment of neuroendrocines and neurotransmitters. Scientific research has shown multiple abnormalities which include low blood flow to the thalamus area in the brain, high levels of substance P in the spinal cord, hypofunction of HPA axis, abnormal functioning of cytokine and reduced levels of serotonin and tryptophan.

Other studies have shown fibromyalgia to be caused due to hereditary factors. Fibromyalgia may occur by itself or arise due to other diseases, like systemic lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Fibromyalgia Symptoms:

Fibromyalgia is marked by a number of tender points in the body, as well as a plethora of symptoms. The most significant symptom of fibromyalgia is the pain which is experienced throughout the body. This pain is consistent throughout the day or may vary. The pain can also increase in cold weather conditions as well as after rigorous physical activity. Muscle spasms and pain are experienced in the muscles and ligaments, and not in the joints. The most common areas of pain which are known as trigger points include, the back, shoulders, neck and hips. Muscle spasms, fatigue, numbness and tingling, sleep disorders, and weakness in the limbs are some of the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Some of the other symptoms include bowel disturbances, frequent urination, depression, anxiety, palpitations, irritability, migraines and headaches.

Fibromyalgia Treatment:

Fibromyalgia still remains a mysterious disorder, with virtually no evidence regarding the exact causes. As a result of this, other diseases are confused with fibromyalgia, due to similar symptoms. For this reason, doctors conduct a thorough and detailed examination of the patient's symptoms and history before confirming it to be fibromyalgia.

The treatment for fibromyalgia mainly focuses on relieving the pain. There are quite a few drugs, muscle relaxers, anti-depressants and pain killers available in the market for treating fibromyalgia. In addition to these drugs, doctors also recommend physical therapy, exercise and a special diet for fibromyalgia. 
Duloxetine (Cymbalta) for Fibromyalgia:

Duloxetine (Cymbalta) has proven effective in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Duloxetine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor drug which is used for treating anxiety disorder, depression and pain involved in diabetic fibromyalgia and peripheral neuropathy. This drug affects the neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that the nerves within the brain use for communication. The exact mechanism of Duloxetine for treating pain is not yet known, but it is thought to affect the serotonin and norepinephrine within the brain. Cymbalta is an effective prescription drug which is approved by the FDA for treating fibromyalgia and to reduce the pain involved with fibromyalgia. Buy Duloxetine for effective in the treatment of fibromyalgia. However, consult a doctor before deciding to use this drug to treat fibromyalgia. 

Saturday, 28 July 2012

Diclofenac for Treating Sciatica Pain

Summary: Sciatica is the pain caused because of the irritation of the sciatic nerves. To know more about the symptoms, causes and treatment for Sciatica, read on.

Sciatica pain is frequently referred to as back pain which is experienced alongside the sciatic nerve which is located in the lower end of the spinal cord. The sciatic nerve is situated along the back of the spinal cord. It covers the buttocks, the backs of the legs and also the pelvis. There are numerous causes which can lead to sciatica pain, which include osteoarthritis of the spine, herniated disc, muscle strain, spondylolisthesis and spinal stenosis. Sciatica pain may become extremely severe and also cause a great amount of discomfort. Purchase diclofenac  for treatment of sciatia.

Causes of Sciatica:

The primary cause for sciatica is the pressure exerted on the sciatic nerve, or damage caused to the sciatic nerve. Disc herniation in the lumbar region applies pressure on the sciatic nerve and this leads to sciatica. Either due to disc herniation or injury, if the sciatic nerve is pinched, it gets aggravated and this eventually results in inflammation of this nerve. Additional causes of sciatica are:

·      Incorrect posture
·      Standing or sitting for lengthy periods of time
·      Not enough muscular movement
·      A tumor around the sciatic nerve
·      An adjoining bone irritating the nerve
·      Pressure applied on the sciatic nerve in pregnancy
·      Piriformis syndrome
·      Lumbar spinal stenosis
·      Being Overweight
·      A slipped vertebra

Symptoms of Sciatica:

The most common symptom of sciatica is pain experienced in the lower areas of the body. The pain generally commences at the base of the spine and gradually moves downwards to the thighs, pelvic region, backs of the legs and buttocks. This pain may be accompanied by a tingling sensation. A patient could also experience weakness and numbness in the affected leg. This makes it difficult to move the leg. Patients could even experience burning sensations combined with the pain. In certain patients this condition may be severe, however for others, the pain could be irregular. But, there is always a chance of the pain becoming more severe.

Though there are physical therapy methods utilized for relief from Sciatica pain, usually doctors prefer to administer drugs to treat the pain. When the pain is mild, anti-inflammatory medications are generally administered for pain relief. But, when the pain is severe, muscle relaxants or more potent pain relief medications are prescribed. A doctor could also prescribe antidepressants which also include an epidural shot in certain cases. However, in extremely serious cases, undergoing surgery could be the only option.

Diclofenac for Treating Sciatica Pain:

Diclofenac has been approved by the FDA and belongs to a category of medications called non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which are utilized to treat fever, mild to moderate pain and inflammation. These medications function by decreasing the production of prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are chemicals which cause inflammation, fever and pain. NSAIDs block the enzyme which generates prostaglandins, thereby reducing the production of prostaglandins. As the response to NSAIDs varies from patient to patient, it is common for doctors to prescribe NSAIDs for any condition. Many doctors suggest to buy diclofenac for treatment of Sciatica. Consult a physician prior to using Diclofenac to treat sciatica.

Friday, 27 July 2012

Amoxil for Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy

Introduction: UTI or urinary tract infection is amongst the most common problems faced by many pregnant women. Read on to learn about the causes, symptoms and treatment for UTIs. Amoxil  has proved very effective in the treatment of urinary tract infections.

UTI or urinary tract infections are extremely common during pregnancy and are mostly caused by bacteria known as Escherichia coli. An asymptomatic bacteriuria (bacteria in the urine) can result in the development of pyelonephritis or cystitis. Around 2 to 10 percent of pregnancies become complicated due to urinary tract infections. If not treated, 25 to 30 percent of women develop pyelonephritis. Pyelonephritis could be a life threatening condition and cause a greater risk of developing perinatal and neonatal morbidity.

A pregnancy complicated by pyelonephritis is associated with low-birth-weight infants and prematurity. Therefore, pregnant women must be screened for bacteriuria with the help of urine culture at 12 to 16 weeks of gestation. All pregnant women should be screened for bacteriuria and then treated using antibiotics including Cephalexin, Nitrofurantoin or Sulfisoxazole.

Urinary Tract Infection Causes:

UTI is caused because of bacteria in and around the vaginal and rectal skin. The bladder has a tendency to shift position during pregnancy due to the pressure from the uterus and the baby. This makes it easier for bacteria to move up the bladder. When the bacteria find an ideal condition, they multiply and this can lead to a bladder infection. This causes symptoms such as an extremely painful, burning sensation whilst urinating.

UTI during pregnancy occurs in 2 to 4% of pregnant women. This occurs due to the hormonal changes which develop in a woman's body. An increase in the amounts of progesterone within the body, relaxes the muscles in the bladder as well as urinary tract. This makes it easier for bacteria to travel up to the partially compressed bladder and thus cause a bladder infection during pregnancy.

Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms:

After pregnant women develop urinary tract infections, they might experience different symptoms. Urinary tract infection symptoms during pregnancy might include some or perhaps all of the following symptoms including:

·      Pain, discomfort and burning while urinating
·      Abdominal cramps
·      Blood or mucus in the urine
·      Pelvic discomfort
·      Sensation of wanting to urinate urgently
·      Fever
·      Urge to urinate more frequently than usual
·      Nausea and vomiting
·      Foul-smelling urine
·      Back pain

Amoxil for UTI in Pregnancy:

It is important that women seek urgent treatment since the infection can spread towards the kidneys and result in kidney infections. Healthcare professionals may prescribe antibiotics in order to treat UTI in women who are pregnant. Antibiotics meant for urinary tract infection may need to be taken for only 3 to 7 days.

Amoxil (Amoxicillin) has proved very effective in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Amoxil is a part of a group of antibiotics referred to as penicillins. Nearly all antibiotics work in the same way and have an identical mechanism. They don’t kill the bacteria, but stop them from multiplying. This can be achieved by preventing the bacteria from forming the walls that surround them. Amoxil is utilized for the treatment of different types of bacterial infections which includes urinary tract infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, tonsillitis, ear infections, skin infections and gonorrhea.