Panic attacks are common psychological conditions that occur as a part of anxiety disorders. But, they are different than the other types of anxiety disorders. Panic attacks come suddenly and often seem to be unprovoked. They are quite often disabling too.
What are the Risk Factors for this Illness?
- Some other psychological illnesses, including posttraumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia, can increase the risk of this condition.
- Some medicines can also cause intense anxiety, leading to this ailment. These medications include stimulants such as methylphenidate, anti-diabetic medications like insulin and anti-malarial drugs like quinine. People may suffer from this condition when they suddenly withdraw corticosteroids without tapering the dose slowly.
- Some studies have highlighted that the use of food additives like aspartame can also cause this problem.
- Heredity plays a strong role in the development of this illness.
- Some studies have pointed that deficiencies of zinc and magnesium may also play a role in developing this disorder.
- History of physical or sexual abuse during childhood can increase the risk of suffering from this illness.
Some Common Signs and Symptoms of this Illness are Mentioned Here:
- Sudden pain in the chest
- Upset stomach
- Difficulty in breathing
- A fear of being smothered
- Trembling of the hands
- Feelings of detachment
- Distorted perceptions
- A feeling of helplessness
What are the consequences of this condition?
In children, this condition results in a sharp decline in their performance at school. They start avoiding school and fear being separated from their parents. Substance abuse and depression are common in these children. They may develop a brooding tendency and have suicidal thoughts.
Similarly, in adults, this condition has a negative effect on their performance at the workplace. They are unable to concentrate on their work. They also isolate themselves from others.
- Financial problems
- Heart diseases
- Substance abuse
How to treat?
- Use of medications
- Stress-management techniques
- Counseling for decreasing the sense of helplessness
- Patient education
- Recognizing and replacing panic-causing thoughts
- Eating at regular times
- Exercising regularly
- Getting enough sleep
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
Medications for panic disorder:
Patients are advised to use Escitalopram for the treatment of this ailment. It can also be used for managing depression and generalized anxiety disorder. It helps by preventing the reuptake of a neurotransmitter, serotonin, by the nerves, which results in an increased amount of serotonin in the brain. This helps to control the symptoms of the condition.
Patients can take Generic Escitalopram in a dosage of 10 milligrams, once daily. The dose can be increased to 20 mg per day after a week. It can be taken with or without food. Patients can contact a physician to know more regarding the dose of this medication that is suitable for them.
We expect people to overcome their childhood fears once they grow up. But, some fears may strike in adulthood. These fears can be overcome by using Escitalopram along with proper counseling.